Western Mexico 300 B.C. - 400 AD
The Western Mexico shaft tomb tradition or shaft tomb culture refers to a set of interlocked cultural traits found in the western Mexican states of Jalisco, Nayarit, and, to a lesser extent, Colima to its south, roughly dating to the period between 300 BCE and 400 CE, although there is not wide agreement on this ...
Western Mexico 300 B.C. - 400 AD
The Western Mexico shaft tomb tradition or shaft tomb culture refers to a set of interlocked cultural traits found in the western Mexican states of Jalisco, Nayarit, and, to a lesser extent, Colima to its south, roughly dating to the period between 300 BCE and 400 CE, although there is not wide agreement on this end-date.
The name "Jalisco" is believed to be derived from the Nahuatl words "xalli" (sand, gravel) and "ixtli," which means "face," or by extension, plane. Thus, the word Jalisco would literally mean "sandy place." The first inhabitants of Jalisco were nomadic tribes traveling through the area en route to the south.
Nayarit 300 B.C. - 500 AD
The Nayarit civilization developed in the State of the same name, along the Pacific Coast of Mexico, between 300 B.C. and 500 A.D. Also called the “shaft tomb culture”, it is renowned for its graves inside which numerous terracotta figurines were found. The latters, depicting daily life figures, such as warriors, pregnant women or couples, are characterized by large bodies, massive legs, expressive faces, and rich fineries such as the rows of rings that decorates their ears, broad necklaces or nasal ornaments
The ceramics of Colima represent a wider diversity of themes and shapes than those of Jalisco and Nayarit, but there is less variety in style. They generally exhibit a great naturalism. Best known are the hollow figures with a glossy slip. Their colour varies from deep red to light orange, although some of them are blackened as a result of the firing process.
Chinesco 300 B.C. - 500 AD
Develops in the region matching the modern-day State of the same name, along the Pacific coast of Mexico, between 300 B.C. and 500 A.D. The Chinesco pottery is more particularly associated with a specific area, in the south-west of Nayarit, around the villages of Las Cebollas and Santiago Compostella. Its name, which means “Chinese” in Spanish, was first used by dealers who after discovering those figures for the first time
Olmec large stone ear ornament or bead, mottled blue-like polished stone. Size: 7 x 3 cm Period: c. 1000 - 300 B.C. Material: Stone Condition: Very good Provenance: Totem collection
Large solid terracotta standing figure. Size: 23,5 x 12,5 cm Period: c. 200 B.C. - 200 AD Material: Terracotta Condition: Intact Provenance: Belgium private collection F.C.
Large terracotta flat figure from the Colima culture, Mexico. Large flat, incised figure with large nose sporting a nose ring. A choker, but no neck, the head alonged, eyes in coffee-bean shape. Size: 20,5 x 9 cm Period: 200 - 650 AD
Size: c.16 x 20 cm Period: c. 100 B.C. - 250 AD Material: Terracotta Condition: Some chipping on his right fingers and toes, otherwise intact. Provenance: Collection of Albert J. and Monique Grant, NYC., acquired 1950s-60s, collection #250.
Terracotta long double chambered flute, from Colima culture. Size: c. 30 cm Period: c. 200 BC - 250 AD Origin: Colima, West Mexico Provenance: Totem collection, collected before 1975.
Small redware pottery dog, standing on four legs with raised rear and tail spout. Depicted with a plump stomach and perked ears. Two-tone red painted surface with scattered strong black deposits Period: 100 B.C. - 250 A.D. Size: 30 x 18 cm Material: Terracotta Provenance: ex. Dr. David Harner collection, Arkansas, 1950s-1960s. Collection # AA.70.