Large fragment of a tusk from a woolly Mammoth.
Size: 47 x 8 cm
Period: Pleistocene, 35 000 years ago
Condition: Good, fragment
Provenance: Coll. P.S. 1970's, found in North Sea
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The woolly mammoth was roughly the same size as modern African elephants.
Males reached shoulder heights between 2.7 and 3.4 m (8.9 and 11.2 ft) and weighed up to 6 metric tons (6.6 short tons).
Females reached 2.6–2.9 m (8.5–9.5 ft) in shoulder heights and weighed up to 4 metric tons (4.4 short tons).
The woolly mammoth was well adapted to the cold environment during the last ice age.
It was covered in fur, with an outer covering of long guard hairs and a shorter undercoat.
The colour of the coat varied from dark to light.
The ears and tail were short to minimise frostbite and heat loss.
It had long, curved tusks and four molars, which were replaced six times during the lifetime of an individual.
Its behaviour was similar to that of modern elephants, and it used its tusks and trunk for manipulating objects, fighting, and foraging.